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Friday, December 10, 2004

Summary Response - Imbalance of China’s population

According to the author in “Two imbalances emerge in China’s population growth,” China has a population problem of imbalance between rural and urban area. Even if Chinese implement “one child policy” in the western area, many eastern people of china, who don’t have many medical care and education chances, have two or more than three children until now. This trend is a same phenomenon of other countries. Many couple in the big cities of China have the concept of “DINK (double income no kids)”. In the article, “Zhang Weiqing, minister in charge of the National population and Family Planning Commission, mentioned other population issues, urge more research on population development strategy to be done in a bid to solve a series of population issues.”

The Chinese government should make a policy of balancing rural and urban area, although developing rural area can affect developed cities’ economic situation. If china distribute eastern area their developed possibility, rural residents can response the government’s policy easier than now. And balanced developing between eastern and western area can give Chinese much more advantages of economy in the future.

The policy of “one child policy” has to be changed because I think adhering “one child policy” will not give China population of advantages from now on. Actually, the government of china is checking to change the policy into “two children policy.” Also the experts propose the “two children policy”. The experts of the population analyze current family planning policy will bring negative effect of social and economic productivity growth. And the experts states the current family planning policy have a side effect of baring only boys that cause imbalance of gender.

In conclusion, the government of China needs to revise some policy and laws for balancing population. If the government changes the family planning policy and developing policy of rural area, China will be able to control population and economic situation easier than now.


Reference:
Two imbalances emerge in China’s population growth (2004) Two imbalances emerge in China’s population growth. Xinhua General News Agency. Retrieved May 24, 2004, from www.lexis-nexis.com

Research proposal - Chinese Population

I got a chance to study a population problem in my class these days. That’s why I am interested in China’s population problem. The population problem is very important and big issue for every country and every human being on this planet. Some countries are concerned about lower population or higher population. For example, my country, South Korea, provides for women who have more than two children, because population in my country have been decreased and it may cause a shortage of young people in the future. In this topic, I want to know exactly how serious of a problem over population is, how effective family planning can control of population, which has been regarded as a very difficult thing by many factors that people cannot expect. China has had a big problem of population for a long time. The problems in conclude imbalances of China’s population growth between eastern and western areas, a family planning policy problem and unbalance of newborn gender rate of male and female babies. Although China has succeeded with its “one child” policy, the western area of China which is undeveloped still has couples who have two and more than three children. The eastern area’s residents who live in big cities adhere easily to China’s policy, but western area’s residents who live in rural need more children than one. If they have only one child, they cannot get general productivity. And Chinese family planning policy caused many side effects. According to the author in “China’s population growth to be zeroed in mid-21st century: official,” the first side effect is unbalance of newborn gender rate of male and female babies (100:117). Because of this side effect, now Chinese government offers “two children” policy. The experts of demography states that “two children” policy can affect positively China and don’t cause much more population problems.

After I read some articles about Chinese population problems, I think the Chinese government should do something about population and Chinese audiences can only solve this problem but. First, Chinese should make a special group for solving a population problem because the population problem is very important to China. I know that China already has organizations which can work for Chinese population problems, but as the problem of population is very important to China, Chinese government need to make the group more specific and realistic. Second, I think strongly Chinese government should provide new family planning policy of “Two children.” They are combining many opinions and talking about that now. Finally, Chinese government has to encourage some people in eastern area to move developed locations for distributing chance of working and preventing massed people in undeveloped towns.

I researched some article about China population, while I was using Internet. The articles that I found informed me many things and I was surprised about that. Also, I’m trying to get more information about problem of Chinese population.



Reference:
Xinhua New Agency(2004, May 9) “China’s population growth to be zeroed in mid-21st century: official” Available: www.lexis-nexis.com
Xinhua New Agency(2004, May 24) “Two imbalances emerge in China’s population growth.” Available: www.lexis-nexis.com
U.S. Newswire(2004, June 29) “Population trends a challenge to china’s future says the population reference Bureau” Available: www.lexis-nexis.com
British broadcasting corporation(2004, September 7) “China hails role of NGOs on health, population issues” Available: www.lexis-nexis.com

Chinese Population Problem

DK
EAP2
Greenspan
December 3, 2004

Abstract

This paper argues Chinese problem of family planning policy, a side effect of the policy and solution of problems. The family planning policy of “One child per a family” achieved successfully about 1.2 billion of population by 2000. However, the policy caused many side effects; imbalance between developed and undeveloped areas, unbalance of male and female, preference of bearing only male children and increasing of selective-sex abortions. In addition, if this policy keeps going, China will face bigger problems than now. In this situation, I provided some solutions that the government has to do. In my paper, I argue the Chinese government should make a governmental agency for solving the concerned population problems and must provide new family planning policy of “Two children.” Finally, the Chinese government has to encourage some people in the western are to move to developed locations and also some people in the eastern area to move to undeveloped locations for distributing chances of working and balancing developments.

Bibliography

China hails role of NGOs on health, population issues (2004) China hails role of NGOs
on health, population issues. BBC Worldwide Monitoring. Retrieved September 7,
2004, from www.lexis-nexis.com
China’s population growth to be zeroed in mid-21st century: official (2004) China’s
population growth to be zeroed in mid-21st century: official. Xinhua General News
Agency. Retrieved May 9, 2004, from www.lexis-nexis.com
Hutzler, Charles (2004) China weighs easing its harsh ‘one child’ rule. The New York
Times Company. Retrieved October 4, 2004, from www.lexis-nexis.com
Kahn, Joseph (2004) The most populous nation faces a population crisis. The New York
Times. Retrieved November 18, 2004, from www.lexis-nexis.com
Seltzer, Judith R (2002). The origins and evolution of family planning programs in
developing countries. Santa Monica, CA: Rand
Two imbalances emerge in China’s population growth (2004) Two imbalances emerge in
China’s population growth. Xinhua General News Agency. Retrieved May 24, 2004,
from www.lexis-nexis.com

Argumentative Essay- Chinese Population Problem

China’s issue with overpopulation has been a difficult problem to solve for a long time. The Chinese population is one fifth of the world’s population, and China has the biggest land in Asia. Population’s increasing role in consumption can have serious environmental affects on one nation. Moreover, as people consume more, if the population increases more and more, it can cause exhaustion of resources, pollution by industries, decrease the supply of food and hurt the environment. China was overpopulated sharply before the Chinese government provided the family planning policy of "one child per family". Because of overpopulation, the Chinese government needed to provide the family planning policy of "one child per family." However, the policy caused some side effects on the population. The results are imbalance between developed and undeveloped areas, unbalance of male and female, preference of bearing only male children and increasing of selective-sex abortions. Although China has succeeded with its “one child” policy in the eastern area, the western area of China which is undeveloped still has couples who have two or even more than three children. The eastern area’s residents who live in big cities adhere easily to “one child per a family” policy, but western area’s residents who live in rural area need more than one child. If they have only one child, they cannot be productive in their agriculture; Also the preference of bearing only male children caused an unbalance of male and female, and many illegal abortions of girls. According to Kahn, “Selective-sex abortions are illegal but widespread. China today has the most sexually skewed adolescent and young adult populations in the world; boys outnumber girls at birth by a ratio of 118 to 100, according to China’s 2000 census.” (2004,p. 2). In these problems, what is the role of the Chinese government? Actually, even though the government has successfully decreased the rise of their population by family planning policy, they now have problems with the policy. In my opinion, the government should change family planning of “one child per a family” for preventing such a side effect of it and solve the problems; imbalance between developed and undeveloped areas, unbalance of male and female, preference of bearing only male children and increasing of selective-sex abortions.

First of all, the Chinese government should make a governmental agency for solving the concerned population problems because the problems have possibilities to bring disaster in the future of China. One possibility is the Chinese working-age population is going to be decreased in 10 years. (Kahn, 2004, p.2). In this background, the Chinese government needs to make a more specific group to solve the problem than now. Until now, they have just an institution in charge of the Chinese population. However, China is facing a serious concern with this population problem. In addition, as the Chinese have a more increasing rate of population, China is finding it hard to control their population and its problems. At such a time, China not only has to make a governmental agency, but this agency should have branches all over China. Since change of population can bring various effects in the huge land of China, the Chinese government is required to make many parts of the agency. For instance, there should be a branch in each town. And if the city or town is very big, the number of agency has to be thought out. In addition, the Chinese government needs to encourage brilliant experts of demography and statistics to work in the agency. The agencies in the western area should provide some guidelines only for rural residents. According to the author in “Two imbalances emerge in China’s population growth,” “birthrate imbalance between urban and rural areas and the imbalance between eastern and western areas have emerged at the same time.” (Xinhua New Agency, 2004, p.1). What rural areas have had a problem of birth control means that rural areas need the agency’s help. The agency can solve this problem. For example, actually non-government organization (NGO) in China informed “contraceptive methods and healthy baby promotion.” And Chinese government offer virtual family planning to some rural couples. (BBC Worldwide Monitoring, 2004, p. 1). According to Seltzer, actually “recent program developments, in part prompted by the ICPD, indicate that the Chinese government is allowing some experimentation to set up different models and to reorient the State Family Planning Program by addressing improved quality of services and choice of methods.” (2002, p.64)

Second, I think strongly the Chinese government must provide new family planning policy of "Two children." Actually, Chinese experts of demography agree with this. (Hutzler, 2004, p.1). Some people oppose this policy because if China provides “Two children per one family,” Chinese population could be more overpopulated than now. However, many experts state that actually some couples have had illegally two children for having a boy after they got girl baby at first time. This situation causes too many illegal selective-sex abortions and imbalance of the rate of men and women. Many experts expect current family planning policy will make many bachelors who are hard to get married at average marriage age in near the future. (Kahn, 2004, p. 2) If this new policy provides to the Chinese, it would help with the problem of too many boys and single male. And the experts expect that if policy of “One child per one family” keeps going, China will have 11.8% of over 65 in 2020 and face a problem of shortage of young workers. (2004, Xinhua General News Service, p. 2) Also, these issues can cause the problems of too many pensions, straining the requirement of healthcare systems and put off retirements in China. According to Seltzer, “recent program developments, in part prompted by the ICPD, indicate that the Chinese government is allowing some experimentation to set up different models and to reorient the State Family Planning Program by addressing improved quality of services and choice of methods.” (2002, p.64) For these reasons, many experts of demography and statistics urge to provide new family planning policy of “Two children per a family.”

Third, the Chinese government has to encourage some people in the western area to move to developed locations and also some people in the eastern area to move to undeveloped locations for distributing chances of working and balancing developments. This is for preventing imbalance of development between eastern and western areas. If some people who live in the western area and have some power of wealth or business move to the eastern area, an eastern area may have a possibility of improving by new developments and technology. The new development and technology can be mechanized agriculture that is able to improved productivity over traditional methods. Also, technology which is very common and cheap in the big cities can be brought to the rural area where it is more useful. For example, many people in the cities already use computers and cellular phones. As the companies of those sell their computer or cellular phones to people in the cities, the companies are hard to make more new consumers than before. If the companies advertise computers and cellular phone to rural people and make some conducts only for the people, they can not only get huge benefits but also they employ rural people in their companies. If the government and the some companies accept this suggestion very well, people of eastern area will be able to adapt easily family planning policy by some mechanized agricultures and improving of health care system.

Some people say the family planning policy of “Two children per a family” is not a good solution for the future and it makes population problem worse than before, even though many experts describe the policy as only the solution, and say it will not make population problem worse. In addition, some rural couples “who traditionally would have relied on a large family for old age support” have had two or even more than two children up to now. (BBC Worldwide Monitoring, 2004, p. 2) Such problems can be solved by providing virtual family planning for rural people that Chinese government or the agency of Chinese population makes.

In conclusion, what can solve the problem of one nation is only the government of the nation. The Chinese government has to make a special government’s agency for solving population problems and provide strongly new family planning policy of “Two children per one family.” And they need to give chances of development and technology skill to western areas’ residents. Finally, Chinese should not be able to control only their audiences by wise policy, but also the audiences have to follow what their government requires.

Friday, October 08, 2004

Tasty fruits~

Summary is a apple that everybody can eat easily. First time, it could be sour but, also it could be sweat. Its skin that we can see first is same as main point of article that we can read first. If we pare an apple, we can eat and feel apple's flavor. In the same way, we can read article's content after we read a main point.
Summary response is grapes. Grapes can be made juice, wine and grape sugar. In the same way, response comes from summary and have many resources and arguments. As grapes have seeds, response have evidences of arguments.
Argumentative essay is a watermelon. As watermelon has hard shell, argumentative essay has hard author's arguments. As argumentative essay has many articles and resources, watermelon has many seeds. As we eat watermelon and feel sweat, we can read exciting argumentative essay.

Summary

Summary was first time very difficult to me. When I read and write summary first time, I didn’t know about 3 words rule. When I tried to write summary, it is very difficult to me. Sometimes, I couldn't understand article exactly. If so, writing summary was more difficult to me. I have been more and more comfortable writing summary because of many practicing writing.

Summary-response

Response was very difficult, too, because I did not have experience English writing. Expressing my mind has been difficult to me. Although I want to describe my opinion, I cannot do my best and I cannot understand some article very well because of difficult structures and vocabulary. But, now I can write better than before, because I have written many summary-response, reading journal reaction and argumentative essay.

Argumentative essay

Writing a argumentative essay is sometimes very interesting, because I would like to write my opinion to some fields and I can argue more freely than summary response. Although my English expression ability is not good for argumentative essay, I can improve my skill of writing step by step. I still try to write my best argumentative essay.

Wednesday, September 22, 2004

Sum...

EAP1
DK

Summary was first time very difficult to me. When I read and write summary first time, I didn’t know about 3 words rule. So, I wrote same sentences in my summary. Summary is a apple that every people can eat easily. Response was very difficult, too, because I did not have experience English writing. Expressing my mind has been difficult to me. Although I want to describe my opinion, I cannot do my best and I cannot understand some article very well because of difficult structures and vocabulary. But, now I can write better than before, because I have written many summary-response, reading journal reaction and argumentative essay. Summary response is watermelon. Writing a argumentative essay is sometimes very interesting, because I like to write my opinion to some fields and I can argue more freely than summary response. It is a banana.

Friday, September 17, 2004

Women's Right In Workplace

According to the author in "Group Outlines Women's Workplace Rights," a U.S. investment group on Wednesday built principles based on women's right in the work place. Calvert CEO Barbara Krumsiek said the 9principles are focused only on women's rights. And gender equality in the work place can improve company performance. The U.N. Development Fund For Women on Wednesday announced about women's rights in front of many business leaders, government representatives and labor activists. Calvert mentioned that many companies will be monitored based on nine such principles. And Wal-Mart needs to change their guidelines based on these nine principles.
In my opinion, women's rights in workplace should be higher than now, because it is not still equal compare women's rights with men's rights. And men in the workplace need to respect women. Although women have tried for their rights until now, women have to try more to get their rights.
First, women's rights in the workplace should be higher than now. As you know, women's rights cause many problems for society. For example, such problems are a suit of Wal-Mart, discrimination of promotion and unfair salary. Although there are many efforts for solutions of these problems, such unfair treatment for women makes many problems. And, according to some survey, most authority positions in many companies are held by men. This is evidence of women's unfair treatment. So, many companies need to promote women's right.
Second, men in the workplace need to respect women. Some men may think women are different from men. And, some men may think men are more intelligent than women. So, neither men nor women should have stereotypes about gender. And, we need to respect each other.
Third, women have to try more to get their rights. Although many people try for women's right, women's effort is the important thing. If women try to get their rights, many people can be reminded of women's rights. And as women find their right, that effect will be very big.
In conclusion, women's rights in workplace are very important, because they are human beings, the same as men. And, men should respect women. Also, women should try to get their rights.

Reference: Associated Press Online. (2004, June 23). Group Outlines Women's Workplace Rights. Retrieved June 24, 2004 from Lexis-Nexis database.

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